【侨报网编译桃乐报道】前联邦调查局长詹姆斯·科米（James Comey）将于6月8日在国会参议院情报委员会作证。情报委员会在7日下午提前公开了科米的证词。这也是科米被特朗普（Donald Trump）开出以来，首次公开露面。
Statement for the Record
Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
James B. Comey
June 8, 2017
Chairman Burr, Ranking Member Warner, Members of the Committee.
Thank you for invitingme to appear before you today. I was asked to testify today to describe for youmy interactions with President-Elect and President Trump on subjects that Iunderstand are of interest to you. I have not included every detail from myconversations with the President, but, to the best of my recollection, I havetried to include information that may be relevant to the Committee.
January 6 Briefing
I first metthen-President-Elect Trump on Friday, January 6 in a conference room at TrumpTower in New York. I was there with other Intelligence Community (IC) leadersto brief him and his new national security team on the findings of an ICassessment concerning Russian efforts to interfere in the election. At theconclusion of that briefing, I remained alone with the President Elect to briefhim on some personally sensitive aspects of the information assembled duringthe assessment.
The IC leadership thoughtit important, for a variety of reasons, to alert the incoming President to theexistence of this material, even though it was salacious and unverified. Amongthose reasons were: (1) we knew the media was about to publicly report thematerial and we believed the IC should not keep knowledge of the material andits imminent release from the President-Elect; and (2) to the extent there wassome effort to compromise an incoming President, we could blunt any such effortwith a defensive briefing.
The Director ofNational Intelligence asked that I personally do this portion of the briefingbecause I was staying in my position and because the material implicated theFBI's counter-intelligence responsibilities. We also agreed I would do it aloneto minimize potential embarrassment to the President-Elect. Although we agreedit made sense for me to do the briefing, the FBI's leadership and I wereconcerned that the briefing might create a situation where a new President cameinto office uncertain about whether the FBI was conducting acounter-intelligence investigation of his personal conduct.
It is important tounderstand that FBI counter-intelligence investigations are different than themore-commonly known criminal investigative work. The Bureau's goal in acounter-intelligence investigation is to understand the technical and humanmethods that hostile foreign powers are using to influence the United States orto steal our secrets. The FBI uses that understanding to disrupt those efforts.Sometimes disruption takes the form of alerting a person who is targeted forrecruitment or influence by the foreign power. Sometimes it involves hardeninga computer system that is being attacked. Sometimes it involves"turning" the recruited person into a double-agent, or publiclycalling out the behavior with sanctions or expulsions of embassy-basedintelligence officers. On occasion, criminal prosecution is used to disruptintelligence activities.
Because the nature ofthe hostile foreign nation is well known, counterintelligence investigationstend to be centered on individuals the FBI suspects to be witting or unwittingagents of that foreign power. When the FBI develops reason to believe an Americanhas been targeted for recruitment by a foreign power or is covertly acting asan agent of the foreign power, the FBI will "open an investigation"on that American and use legal authorities to try to learn more about thenature of any relationship with the foreign power so it can be disrupted.
In that context, priorto the January 6 meeting, I discussed with the FBI's leadership team whether Ishould be prepared to assure President-Elect Trump that we were notinvestigating him personally. That was true; we did not have an opencounter-intelligence case on him. We agreed I should do so if circumstanceswarranted. During our one-on-one meeting at Trump Tower, based on PresidentElect Trump's reaction to the briefing and without him directly asking theIntelligence chiefs won't say if Trump asked them to downplay Russia probequestion, I offered that assurance.
I felt compelled todocument my first conversation with the President-Elect in a memo. To ensureaccuracy, I began to type it on a laptop in an FBI vehicle outside Trump Towerthe moment I walked out of the meeting. Creating written records immediatelyafter one-on-one conversations with Mr. Trump was my practice from that pointforward. This had not been my practice in the past. I spoke alone withPresident Obama twice in person (and never on the phone) -- once in 2015 todiscuss law enforcement policy issues and a second time, briefly, for him tosay goodbye in late 2016. In neither of those circumstances did I memorializethe discussions. I can recall nine one-on-one conversations with President Trumpin four months -- three in person and six on the phone.